The first thing to get started with any programming language is setting up the environment.
In JS we could use the browser (to learn at least), but it seems we don't have this luxury in Go (not as far I as known)
Because I use ASDF to manage runtimes, I don't go directly to the Go website and download it. Instead, I always try to google for "<programming-language> asdf" and find a repository that provides a plugin to ASDF so I can install it from there. In this case, asdf-golang.
I'm currently using a MacBook PRO with M1 PRO Processor, so things might be different for you.
First, I have to ensure I have all coreutils needed by the plugin:
brew install coreutils
Then, we need to install the asdf plugin itself:
asdf plugin-add golang https://github.com/kennyp/asdf-golang.git
With this installed, we finally can get the Go runtime. The only caveat for me is that because I'm using the Apple's processor, the regular instruction doesn't work by default. I need to pass a environment variable to get it to the correct architecture:
ASDF_GOLANG_OVERWRITE_ARCH=amd64 asdf install golang lastest
At this point, the latest is pointed to Go@1.18.
Last, I have to inform asdf the version of Go I want to be available globally. That's handy for projects that use a specific runtime version vs. the one you often use:
asdf global golang latest
Now, when I run `go version` I get:
➜ ~ go version go version go1.18 darwin/amd64
I'm still discovering this topic, but it seems Go defines where the code will be installed and where it'll get modules from.
When installed, it expects us to create a folder at the user root level called go, and inside it, having three folders:
- pkg -> contains all shared packages;
- src -> where we're going to add all projects and source code from all projects (that's a bit weird, I know it can be more flexible than that);
- bin -> where the binaries will live
So, let's create them:
# This will create and native to a folder called "go" inside my root folder user (~), then, creating it inside take ~/go && mkdir src bin pkg
Go has an effective integration with VSCode. They offer an official extension that handles everything you need for the text editor.
You can download the Go extension here.
Once you install it, it'll ask you permission to install many other packages to provide all the goodies.